FASD in Confinement Settings: Reminders for Correctional Professionals
Correctional staff should be encouraged to give one command at a time.
Correctional staff should avoid asking complex and multiple questions at any given time.
Correctional staff need to be aware that many individuals with FASD have slow processing speeds and may require additional time to respond to a command.
Correctional staff should be prepared to consistently explain the rules and regulations of the prison environment.
Some inmates with FASD may experience deficits in self-regulation, i.e. the ability to control one’s thoughts, emotions, behavior and desires in order to achieve goals.
Frequent lapses in emotional and behavioral control are to be expected and should not be seen as willful wrong doing.
Some inmates with FASD experience profound memory deficits that may impair the individual’s ability to appropriately comply with various services and programs.
Some inmates with FASD may become easily overwhelmed and lack the ability to manage stressful situations appropriately while incarcerated.
Some inmates with FASD may be at an elevated risk of exploitation and victimization by other inmates.
Some inmates with FASD experience sensory integration problems and may become overly stimulated by various aspects of the prison environment.
Some inmates with FASD may be at a greater likelihood to not recognize other inmates’ personal space and boundaries because of social boundary and interpersonal functioning deficits often observed in individuals with this disorder.
Some inmates with FASD may accept blame for illegal activities and behavioral misconducts they did not commit.
Some inmates with FASD may be at an increased likelihood to provide correctional staff with erroneous information and a greater propensity to confabulate.
Some inmates with FASD present with a host of other challenges and conditions compared to non-FASD impacted inmates.
Some inmates with FASD should be appropriately monitored for the possibility of committing self-injurious behaviors.
Some inmates with FASD are targeted by other inmates and upon reentry into the community, emerge with more problems that may increase criminal recidivism.
Some inmates with FASD have expressive language that is much higher than their comprehension.
Some inmates with FASD can be superficially charming and are often 'people pleasers"
Some inmates with FASD can be hyperactive, impulsive, and easily distractible.